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Ninh Binh tourist attractions
Ninh Binh tourist attractions
18/04/2017 - 406 view
Ninh Binh is about 90 km away from Ha Noi to the south. Ninh Binh is located on Red river delta with geographical coordinate from 19050' to 20027' at Northern latitude and from 105032' to 106033' at Eastern longitude. Ninh Binh shares the administrative border with Ha Nam in the North, Nam Dinh in the East, the East Sea in the Southeast, Thanh Hoa in the West and Southwest, and Hoa Binh in the North of Vietnam.
With over 1,400km2 of natural area, Ninh Binh has forests, sea and a diverse system of fauna and flora. Ninh Binh topography encompasses plains and the mountains of the Vietnam northwest mountain range. Ninh Binh also keeps a strategic position for military security and social development. Here, troops were usually rallied on their way to the north or south of Vietnam, creating famous victories in Vietnamese national history.
Ninh Binh is endowed with many places of particular interest which have been welknown inside and outside Vietnam such as Tam Coc – Bich Dong, Cuc Phuong National Park, Trang An Grottoes and Van Long Nature Reserves. There are also many historical relics, for instances Hoa Lu Ancient Capital, Bich Dong Pagoda, Thai Vi Temple, Phat Diem Stone Cathedral, Tam Diep Defense Line.... All of them are attractive to both
Vietnamese and foreign tourists. Ninh Binh is the charming land of myth and unique landscapes.



Ninh binh's topography comprises three different types of landscapes: wetlands, coastal delta, hills and mountains. With such a variety of landscapes, Ninh Binh offers many tourist attactions as primitive rain forest, mountains, hills, river delta and the coastal delta. Furthermore, Ninh Binh is endowed with numerous historical relics dating back to the Dinh, Early Le, Ly and Tran dynasties from the 10th-13th century. Anually, Ninh Binh has many traditional festivals reflecting the cultural identites of Red river delta villages.


TOP PLACES TO VISIT IN NINH BINH:
  
Van Long Natural Reserve
Van Long natural reserve is located in Gia Vien district, Ninh Binh province. It is far about 90 kilometers from Hanoi to the south. Van Long is not only a natural reserve of wetlands but also the cultural relics. Van Long is a legendary land, a beautiful area and the largest natural reserve of wetlands. Here, guests will be seated on the boat to visit Van Long. A large space with spectacular mountain ranges creates a natural wall surrounded a vast expanse of water.
 With an area of 3000 hectares, Van Long natural reserve has 32 beautiful grotto such as: Ca Grotto, Bong Grotto, Rua Grotto, Chanh Grotto, each grotto has an unique beauty. The most beautiful grotto is Ca grotto in the Hoang Quyen Mountain. It has 250 meters length, 8 meters height and 10 meters width, the ceiling is stalactites with strange shapes like animal, fish… Especially, there has many catfish, tilapia… According to legend, ancient people caught a fish with 45 kilograms weight so that it named “Ca grotto”.


Among the grottos in Van Long, Thung Doi is the highest grotto with 210 meters height above ground; the largest grotto is Bong grotto (16 meter). There have mountains’ strange name such as: Nghien Mountain, Hom Sach Mountain, Da Ban Mountain, Meo Cao Mountain, Tien Co Mountain, Voi Dung Mountain, Canh Cong Mountain, Mo Coi Mountain…
In the Van Long forest, there has 457species of higher plants. In particular, it has 8 species recorded in Vietnam Red list. Animals have 39 species, 12 species of rare animals such as white shorts langur accounted largest number in Vietnam, chamois, Bengal slow Loris, Asian black bear, stump-tailed macaque… In the 9 species recorded in Vietnam List such as: king cobra, water monitor, oriental Rat snake, lizards…
In the dry season, Van Long is the wintering place of migratory birds from the North. There has dozens of pheasants, grey heron, teal and hundreds of white stork, night herons… Coming to Van Long natural reserve, tourists can’t help visiting “Thi tree”-600 years old, Chi Le Temple, Mai Trung Temple, Dich Long cave, historic relic of Dinh Tien Hoang…
Not only is the nature reserve, Van Long wetland is a place with attractive landscape. Van Long is known as “the bay without wave” because when going on a boat, visitors will see a flat surface like a big mirror. Watercolor painting is reflected by the strong sculpt of limestone: Meo Cao Mountain, Mam Xoi Mountain, Hom Sach Mountain, Da Ban Mountain, Nghien Mountain, Mo Coi Mountain, Co Tien Mountain…
 

Cuc Phuong National Park
Cuc Phuong National Park lies at the south-eastern extent of a limestone range that runs north-west to Son La province. This limestone range predominantly comprises karst, marine in origin and perhaps 200 million years old. The section of the limestone range encompassed by the national park rises sharply out of the surrounding plain, to elevations of up to 636 m.
This section is around 10 km wide and 25 km long, and has a central valley running along almost the entire length.
The karst topography exerts a dominant influence on drainage patterns in Cuc Phuong. Most of the water that the national park receives is quickly absorbed by a complex underground drainage system common to mature karst landscapes, often emerging from springs on the lower slopes flanking the national park. For this reason, there are no natural ponds or other standing bodies of water within the national park, and there is only one permanent watercourse, the Buoi river. This river bisects the western end of the national park from north to south, and feeds the Ma river, the major river in Thanh Hoa province.



Cuc Phuong National Park has an extremely rich flora. To date, 1,980 vascular plant species in 887 genera and 221 families have been recorded at the national park. In terms of number of species, the best-represented families in the flora of Cuc Phuong are the Euphorbiaceae, Poaceae, Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, Asteraceae, Moraceae, Lauraceae, Cyperaceae, Orchidaceae and Acanthaceae. The flora of Cuc Phuong contains elements of the Sino-Himalayan, Indo-Burmese and Malesian floras. The high known floral diversity at Cuc Phuong can, however, be partly attributed to the high level of survey effort directed at the site.
Cuc Phuong supports populations of several mammal species of conservation importance, including the globally critically endangered Delacour's Leaf Monkey Trachypithecus delacouri and the globally vulnerable Owston's Civet Hemigalus owstoni. In addition, the nationally threatened Leopard Panthera pardus has been recently recorded at the national park. Furthermore, over 40 bat species have been recorded at the national park, including 17 species from a single cave. Unfortunately, several large mammal species, including Tiger Panthera tigris and White-cheeked Crested Gibbon Hylobates leucogenys, are believed to have become extinct at Cuc Phuong in recent times, mainly due to high hunting pressure and the relatively small size of the national park.
 

Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex
The Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex is located in the districts Hoa Lu, Gia Vien, and Nho Quan of Ninh Binh Province in northern Viet Nam. The heritage property is spread over a large area of 10,000 hectares, and is made up of three individual components within a single buffer zone. 
The three components are: (i) the Trang An Ecological Area, (ii) the Tam Coc-Bich Dong River Landscape, and the Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel.  The three areas share a common geological and ecological environment characterized by dramatic limestone karsts, permeated with a network of caves, and bound together by flooded inland waterways of high biological diversity. Together these three contiguous areas comprise the core zone of the heritage property.
To the east of the property is the Chanh River, to the north is the Hoang Long River and to the southwest is the Ben Dang River. The north, east and southeast sides comprise vast flat floodplains formed by Day and Van Rivers.



The crust in the Trang An region has a geologic history of 245 million years and includes six strata from of the Triassic and Quaternary Ages. It includes strata of different thickness, which has facilitated karstification and the formation of the area's unique landscape.
The Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex is situated inland on the coastal plain of within the highly eroded limestone block of Hoa Lu, part of the Truong Yen - Bich Dong mountain range.  This range comprised of by limestone karst peaks of high fragmentation forming low mountains separated by valley floors composed of sedimentary rock, where shales predominate. These valley floors are characterized by a long process of denudation, erosion, and surface runoff which has accumulated as a mixture of aluvi - deluvi - proluvi.
 
Thung Nang
Thung Nang of Ninh Binh Province is a flooded area adjacent to Tam Coc and close to Bich Dong. While Tam Coc is flanked by rice fields and has more activities, Thung Nang is a pristine and untouched area. There's not much human activities here, only a few people fishing in the wild area...To get to Thung Nang, you will travel for 1km from Tam Coc on the way to Bich Dong Pagoda. The rowing boat trip at Thung Nang is about 2hours 15 minutes.



Thung Nang is located in Dan Khe village, Ninh Hai Commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province, Thung Nang or Sunshine Valley is a new tourism route that connects Bich Dong with Voi Dai temple, thung Nang valley, Nang grotto, and trekking trail to Doi Nham Resort. Thung Nang Valley is a complex of historical relics and natural beauty which can organize some types of tourism: Religion tourism, Eco tourism, sightseeing, grottoes discovery, mountain climbing, etc.
 

Tam Coc Cave
Tam Coc was named as "Ha long Bay in land or on rice field " Tam means as three and Coc means as Cave, The local people called the cave first, two and three or even hang a name known collectively as the Three water. Territory of Van Lam village, Ninh Hai Commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh city of about 7 km southwest of ... From the marina Dinh, tourists will be traveling natural beauty blended with the sky with the beautiful boats. Wu Dong annual flow regardless of season, month, day as the boats converged down boats bringing tourists sightseeing reverse Tam Coc.
 Visit Tam Coc only a single waterway to the loss of over 2 hours. Boat about 400 meters away in Ngo Dong River takes visitors to a foreign Nghi (exterior doors) are the two vertical sides of the mountain rivers and mountains on the right is Mount Personals, mountains are mountains left Rice Clumsy. Take a boat again in the north across the River Cong Rong Wu Dong on the Thai Vi temple.
Culvert 2.8 meters long, made of stone, carved dragon head. Through sewers Dragon, looked to the left to see a small mountain road adjacent to the Thai Vi temple and the river is Mount Mung.Di Gò Next, still on the left is Mount Van, Vo mountains.



The ancient legend of two mountain gods bear two over here, suddenly broken pole, the two fall along the mountain river. Two mountain grows a hat of the Van, a hat of the Vo.Thuyen still sweeping, takes visitors Amenities subject to internal (indoor), also known as (zinc wind), as well as the two results mountains lining the form. To the left is the mountain Ben Thanh, the right is the Eagles are the soap down the Ngo Dong, creating vivid beauty, magnificent Tam Coc. Tourists coming here can not save this unique image.
Bich Dong Pagoda - "Southern Natural II active" in the Ngu Nhac Son Mountains territory Dam Khe Village, Ninh Hai Commune, Hoa Lu district. In 1773, Mr Nguyen Nghiem (born relatives of great poet Nguyen Du) visited the. Panoramic view of mountains and rivers, dynamic, field, sky, here are covered with a green should have put a particular name is very beautiful and romantic dream-"Bich Dong" (Dong Xanh Means).
 

Hoa Lu Ancient Capital
The ancient capital of Hoa Lu is the first capital of Vietnam in the tenth century. It is located in Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. In 968, Dinh Bo Linh proclaimed himself emperor of Dai Co Viet (GreatViet) and established his capital at Hoa Lu Since then, until the lastking of the dynasty of the past, it was the capital of the country for 42 years, 13 years under the Dinh (968-980) and 29 years under theprevious (980-1009). Covering 400 hectares, Hoa Lu is a strongfortification erected by nature and man.



The Emperor Le Dai Hanh has built beautiful palaces, making the capital more sumptuous. But in 1010, the Emperor Ly Thai To moved the capital from Hoa Lu to Thang Long, Hanoi today.
Today, there are only two temples located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu District The largest is dedicated to worship of the Emperor Dinh Tien Hoang and the other to the Emperor Le Dai Hanh. They are so close, 300mfrom each other, they are called the temples-Dinh Le. There are other vestiges such as the Ma Yen mountain,the mountain Cot Co, Nhat Tru pagoda, Thap Ba Ngo, the caves Am Tiem, etc.
 
 
Phat Diem Stone Cathedral
Phat Diem Cathedral was built between 1875 and 1899 four roofs and six sets of iron wooden pillars and consists of a network of ponds, lakes, churches, and artificial caves.
Phuong Dinh Church, part of the Phat Diem complex, is a giant building entirely made of stone. Numerous stone sculptures are on the inside and outside walls. A large bell cast in the 1890s weighing nearly 2 tons is found in the bell tower. On both sides of the church are four smaller churches of different styles. On the extreme north corner are three stone caves.



The most beautiful of these caves is Lo Duc Grotto. In the area surrounding this massive stone and wood cathedral, the rice paddies are peppered with stone churches. But, unlike these structures, built by Europeans and resembling typical churches of the era, Phat Diem Cathedral was designed by a Vietnamese priest, known as Father Sau. Father Sau rallied the local population to build the cathedral, five side chapels, three artificial grottoes, an artificial lake and a bell tower. Phat Diem Cathedral seems to have changed very little since Graham Greene described its gigantic pillars formed out of single trees and the scarlet lacquer work of the altar. Indeed, with its multi-tiered, curling roofs and its 48 lime-wood columns - (the largest of which weigh seven tones), Phat Diem is a far cry from a European cathedral. Stone relief angels overlook carved dragons and the cathedral's two-tone bell is accompanied by a giant brass gong.
Local Catholics view the cathedral's survival as almost miraculous; a bombing in 1972 flattened two of the side chapels and caused the cathedral to lean by some 20 degrees. Despite the ongoing war, restoration started immediately and today, the only obvious trace of the bombing is the destruction of some intricate stone carvings. And on Christmas Eve, an unforgettable midnight mass, attended by thousands and accompanied by a brass band, is held in the cathedral grounds.
 

 
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