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Hoian tourist attractions
Hoian tourist attractions
18/04/2017 - 515 view
Hoi An is located 30km south of Da Nang city. Hoi An used to be an international trade center by sea on the east west area in the 16th and 17th centuries. It was the busiest trading port in Dang Trong region of Vietnam under the reign of Nguyen as merchants from Japan, China, Portugal, Spain, and Holland...often landed for exchanging, purchasing commodities. In the historical progress of establishment and development, Hoi An was known by foreign merchants as Faifo, Haisfo, Hoai pho, Ketchem, Cotam. Based on archeological relics and architecture documents, Hoi An was not only a place of converge and exchanging of many cultures such as: Champa, Vietnamese, Portuguese, Japanese and Chinese, especially impacted most by Vietnamese and Chinese civilizations.
Up to now, the ancient town of Hoi An preserves its original architectures, including houses, temples, pagodas, streets, ports, civil buildings, religious structures and other non-religious worshipping structures. The everyday lifestyle with deep-rooted customs and cultural activities is fascinating.



Hoi An also attracts tourists thanks to its poetic and picturesque landscapes such as Thuan Tinh islet, Cua Dai beach, together with traditional handicrafts and famous local specialties.
Hoi An was listed as a world cultural heritage site by UNESCO in December 1999. As statistics shows, in Hoi An there are 1,360 relics and landscapes. These relics are divided into eleven kinds, including 1,068 ancient houses, 19 pagodas, 43 temples, 23 communal houses, 38 family temples, 5 assembly halls, 11 old wells, one bridge, and 44 ancient tombs. In old quarter, there are more than 1000 relic sites. 
 
TOP PLACES TO VISIT IN HOI AN:

Japanese Bridge
Connecting Tran Phu st. with Nguyen Thi Minh Khai st., Japanese bridge was constructed in the middle of the 16th century by Japanese merchants in Hoi An. Due to natural disaster, Japanese bridge was restored so many times that it gradually lost its original Japanese architecture style and was impacted by Vietnamese and Chinese design. The bridge was provided with a roof which was arched shape and skilfully carved with many fine patterns. Over the door, 3 Chinese characters “Lai Van Kieu” (it means Bridge for Passers-by From Afar) was carved prominently to name the bridge by Nguyen Phuc Chu Lord in his trip to Hoi An in 1719.



The two entrances to the bridge are guarded by a pair of monkeys on one side and a pair of dogs on the other. According to legend, these once lived an enormous monster called Cu whose head was in India, its tail in Japan and its body in Vietnam. Whenever the monster moved, terrible disaster such as floods and earthquake befell these places. Thus, apart from the purpose of transportation, building the bridge aslo is to speak-killing the monster to preserve safe and peaceful life.
Japanese Covered Bridge is an invaluable property and has been officially selected to be the symbol of Hoi An.

Quan Thang ancient house (77 Tran Phu st, Hoi An city)
Quan Thang is, currently, evaluated as one of the nicest ancient houses in Hoi An. It is an over 150 year old house with architecture style of Hoa Ha, China. Through years, the style as well as interior decoration of the house has been lovingly preserved. That helps us partly imagine the lifestyle of its owner generations who were the merchants class in Hoi An earlier. It is known that the whole of lively and fine architecture and sculptures were made by craftmen of Kim Bong carpentry village. This is a main spot in the journey of discovery the world cultural heritage in Hoi An.


Tan Ky ancient house (101 Nguyen Thai Hoc st, Hoi An city)


Built about 200 years ago, Tan Ky’s architecture style is piped shape - a typical style of Hoi An ancient houses. Its interior is divided into many apartments and each one has its own function. The front of the house is used for stores and the back of the house near the river was the place for import and export goods. The interior decoration item was made of unique wood skillfully carved with symbols of dragon, fruits, eight weapons, silk fillets showing well-off of its owners. On 17th February 1990 Tan Ky house was listed as a national historical vestige. 

Phung Hung ancient house (4 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai st, Hoi An city)
Over 100 years old, Phung Hung house possessed a unique architecture. The high wooden ceiling and large corridors represent the development of architecture and exchange among Asian architectural styles in Hoi An in the earlier centuries. The house exhibits a lot of information about the lifestyle of merchants who lived in Hoi An long time ago. Although being made from unique woods, Phung Hung house was not carved at all by the owner on purpose. On the 29th of June 1993 the house was listed as a national historical vestige. 


Phuc Kien Assembly hall (46 Tran Phu st, Hoi An city)
It is said that Phuc Kien Assembly hall was once a small temple where Thien Hau Thanh Mau statue (a goddess who protects merchants sailing in the sea) was worshiped. It was picked up on the beach of Hoi An in 1697. Due to restorations and support of the Fukien people, the Assembly hall became resplendent and spacious taking part in the embellishment of Hoi architecture. Arranging the statues for worshiping means “human happiness” profoundly expess the oriental philosophy.



Annually, on the 15th of January lunar year, 16th of February lunar year and 23th of March lunar year many activities are organized, attracting a lot of foreigners as well as domestic tourists. On 17th of February 1990 Phuc Kien was listed a national historical vestige. 


Trieu Chau Assembly hall (157 Nguyen Duy Hieu st, Hoi An city)
Trieu Chau Assembly hall was built in 1845. The General Phuc Ba, who was claimed to be able to make winds calm and waves quiet, was worshipped there. The house possesses a special value in architecture with its skilfully carved wood house-frame and wooden decorated alter and many glazed terracotta carving works. 


Quang Dong Assembly hall (17 Tran Phu  st, Hoi An city)
Founded in 1885 by Cantonese people, Quang Dong Assembly hall was firstly used to worship Thien Hau Thanh Mau and Khong Tu, and later in 1911 was used to worship Quan Cong and their ancestors.
The harmonious combination of wood and stone material and beautiful decorations bring the house the unique and sacred design. Annually, on the 15th of January lunar year and the 24th of June lunar year festivals are held, attracting many people.

Ngu Bang assembly hall (64 Tran Phu st, Hoi An city)
Ngu Bang is also called Duong Thuong or Chinese Assembly hall. It was built in 1747 by five groups of Chinese people: Fukien, Trieu Chau, Cantonese, HaiNam and Gia Ung. Here, they worship Thien Hau Thanh Mau and it is used as a meeting place to do business. Its architecture is influenced by Chinese style.

Ong pogoda (24 Tran Phu st, Hoi An city)
Founded in 1653, Chua Ong was restored six times in years of 1753, 1783, 1827, 1864, 1904, 1906 and restored six times. Chua Ong possesses a magnificent and impressing architecture, and is also called the Quan Cong temple. Quan Van Truong, (a symbolic image which represents loyalty and integrity according to Confucianism, is worshipped here). This place was once both a religious center of ancient Quang Nam people, and a place where people came to consult oracles and believed it to bring luck.

Quan Am pogoda (7 Nguyen Hue st, Hoi An city)
 Being the only remaining Buddha-worshipped pogoda in Hoi An ancient town., Quan Am pogoda possesses a nice scenery and interresting architecture. Special wooden scultures carved by skilful craftman of Kim Bong carpentry village are intact preserved here. Quan The Am Bo Tat and other bodhisattvas are worshipped here. On the fifteen day of the lunar month, people come here participating actively in religious activities.

Tran family temple (21 Le Loi st, Hoi An city)
Founded in 1802 by Tran mandarin (a large family emigrating from China to Hoi An in 1700s) built in 1802 in accordance with the traditional science of winds and waters of Chinese and Vietnamese. Located on the area of 1500m2, Tran family temple consits of many sections such as temple of ancestor worship and display of relics relating to family, house...
This is the place where descendants get together, worshipping, and solving affairs in their lineage. Tran family temple is one of the place attracting attention and interest from visitors.

Historical- cultural museum (7 Nguyen Hue st, Hoi An city)
Established in 1989, the museum displays 212 artifacts and documents made from porcelain, pottery, bronze, iron, paper and wood. They represent many stages of development of Hoi An trading port from Sa Huynh civilisation (the second century AD) to Cham civilization (from the 2nd to 15th century). Visiting Hoi An Historical and Cultural museum, tourists get an overview of history development and culture of the ancient town.

Pottery trade museum (80 Tran Phu st, Hoi An city)
Founded in 1995, the Pottery trade museum exhibits a rare collection of 430 artifacts from the 8th to the 18th century. Most of the artifacts are originally from central Asia, India, China, Japan, Thailand and Viet Nam playing an important role of Hoi An trading port in pottery trading in the earlier centuries. This museum aslo shows that Hoi An was once a busy international exchanging town for culture and business.


Sa Huynh cultural museum (149 Tran Phu st, Hoi An city)
The museum supplies a plenty of information about ancient people of Sa Huynh civilization who were the first owners of Hoi An trading port, having exchanging relationship with China, India, and South East Asia. About 216 objects which are some 2000 years old of Sa Huynh civilization are exhibited. These items are found through explorations and excavations of archaeological sites in such the places as Hau Xa, Thanh Chiem, An Bang, Xuan Lam from 1989 to 1994.
The artifacts at the museum are evaluated as the most unique collection of Sa Huynh civilization in Viet Nam
 
Source from: Quang Nam Province Tourism
 
My Son Sanctuary
During the 4th to 13th centuries there was a unique culture on the coast of contemporary Vietnam, owing its spiritual origins to the Hinduism of India. This is graphically illustrated by the remains of a series of impressive tower temples in a dramatic site that was the religious and political capital of the Champa Kingdom for most of its existence.



My Son Sanctuary dates from the 4th to the 13th centuries CE. The property is located in the mountainous border Duy Xuyen District of Quang Nam Province, in central Viet Nam. It is situated within an elevated geological basin surrounded by a ring of mountains, which provides the watershed for the sacred Thu Bon river. The source of the Thu Bon river is here and it flows past the monuments, out of the basin, and through the historic heartland of the Champa Kingdom, draining into the South China Sea at its mouth near the ancient port city of Hoi An. The location gives the sites its strategic significance as it is also easily defensible.  
The tower temples were constructed over ten centuries of continuous development in what was the heart of the ancestral homeland of the ruling Dua Clan which unified the Cham clans and established the kingdom of Champapura (Sanskrit for City of the Cham people) in 192 CE. During the 4th to 13th centuries CE this unique culture, on the coast of contemporary Viet Nam, owed its spiritual origins to the Hinduism of the Indian sub-continent. Under this influence many temples were built to the Hindu divinities such as Krishna and Vishnu, but above all Shiva. Although Mahayan Buddhist penetrated the Cham culture, probably from the 4thcentury CE, and became strongly established in the north of the kingdom, Shivite Hinduism remained the established state religion.
The monuments of the My Son sanctuary are the most important constructions of the My Son civilization. The tower temples have a variety of architectural designs symbolizing the greatness and purity of Mount Meru, the mythical sacred mountain home of Hindu gods at the center of the universe, now symbolically reproduced on Earth in the mountainous homeland of the Cham people. They are constructed in fired brick with stone pillars and decorated with sandstone bas-reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu mythology. Their technological sophistication is evidence of Cham engineering skills while the elaborate iconography and symbolism of the tower-temples give insight into the content and evolution of Cham religious and political thought.  
The My Son Sanctuary is a remarkable architectural ensemble that developed over a period of ten centuries. It presents a vivid picture of spiritual and political life in an important phase of the history of South-East Asia.
The monuments are unique and without equal in Southeast Asia.
 
Tra Que Vegetable Village 
 
Tra Que Vegetable Village is 3km far from Hoi An old town on the direction of northeast. This land was formed 300 year ago, surrounded by De Vong River and Tra Que Lagoon, so it has very good atmosphere with fresh air...
From the village of Tra Que, Vegetables of many kinds have been provided for restaurants, hotels, Hoi An's people as well as for other localities in Quang Nam Province and Da Nang City. Many kinds of organic and sweet smelling herbs have been planting in this area for ages. 



Tra Que raw vegetables have been added up to make aromatic flavour to specialities of this village such as Tam Huu, Banh Xeo, Quang Noodle, vegetable cooked with garlic and so on.
Specially, the vegetable village has several herbs containing medicine that is good for health and made up orental medicines (also called Vietnamese Traditional Medicines).
Coming to Tra Que Vegetable Village, you will perceive cultural cachet of the traditional village. You will see the landscape of the green, clean and picturesque vegetable village with your own eyes. Together with the local farmers, you can exchange, investigate the techniques of cultivation, care and harvest of vegetable.


Thu Bon River
Thu Bon River is one of the nicest waterways in Vietnam. The river begins at an altitude of 2,598m, in the Ngoc Linh Mountain. It plays an important role in the geography, culture and history of Hoi An. Moreover, the Thu Bon River is not just the chief culminating point for most festivals and events that are held in Hoi An, but also the chief source of livelihood for many residents of the town. Nowadays, the remains of the ancient port and the picturesque waterfronts can be seen along the river.



The river is responsible in a big way for the traditional and historical heritage of the town of Hoi An. The now fishing town of Hoi An was a popular international trade destination and also a convenient stopover for many merchant ships bound to and from China and other countries. This was chiefly because the Thu Bon River flowed into the East China Sea. Trade in the town via the river thrived from the 16th to the 18th centuries. In fact, most of the current populations of the town are descendants of traders and merchants who chose to settle down in the town. It is believed that in those days the Thu Bon River had a larger estuary area, which facilitated trade and communication. The bays and shores made of sandbanks and guarded by lagoons indicate that this might have indeed been the case. From Hoi An, visitors can rent a boat and stop at the beautiful villages located along the river.
 
 

 
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