Hanoi tourist attractions
Hanoi tourist attractions
17/04/2017 - 557 view
The Capital of Socialist Republic of Vietnam is Hanoi. It lies in Red River Delta and is situated in a tropical area having a strong monsoon influence. The name of Ha Noi (Interior side of a river) has been derived from an ancient language which is literally known as a land area located in the inner side of Red River. It does not mean that the city is inside the river, but it is embraced by about 100 km of the Red River dykes. Ha Noi has 12 center districts (Ba Đình, Bắc Từ Liêm, Cầu Giấy, Đống Đa, Hà Đông, Hai Bà Trưng, Hoàn Kiếm, Hoàng Mai, Long Biên, Nam Từ Liêm, Thanh Xuân, Tây Hồ) and 17 suburban districts (Ba Vì, Chương Mỹ, Đan Phượng, Đông Anh, Gia Lâm, Hoài Đức, Mê Linh, Mỹ Đức, Phúc Thọ, Phú Xuyên, Quốc Oai, Sóc Sơn, Thạch Thất, Thanh Oai, Thanh Trì, Thường Tín, Ứng Hòa).
Hanoi is much different from any other city in the world. To experience the charm city, just heading straight to the Old Quarter centrally located around Hoan Kiem Lake where there are old original buildings including Western and Asian architecture. Walking around narrow streets with thousands year olds, you will feel the local life is slow and peaceful. At beginning of 20th century, the city projected only about 36 streets. Each street has a simple name associated with merchandise which local people selling like Hang Bong (Silk Street), Hang Tre (Bamboo Street), Hang Bac (Silver Street), Hang Duong (Sugar Street), Hang Muoi (Salt Street) etc. You will come across stores stocking everything from tribal textiles to shoes, coffee, paintings, crafts and taste delicious local dishes.
Other different character of Hanoi is it has a lot of lakes. The city is built on lowlands between rivers, is even sometimes known as the “city of lakes.” The green trees and lakes provide a fabulous scenic and tranquil respite from the crushing traffic and incessant bustle in other parts of the city.
Hanoi is also a city with the nice sightseeing and interesting museums in Vietnam. When you come to visit Hanoi, you cannot miss to visit Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum where the greatest president of Vietnam lived and work, Temple of Literature which is the first university of Vietnam, Vietnam Ethnology museum where displays a thousand items about 54 different ethnic people in Vietnam. At the end of the city tour, you should attend a unique water puppet show in the theatre. A simple show with funny puppets but it contains variety of history and culture value about authentic Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was built on september 2nd, 1973, and the structure was formally inaugurated on August 29, 1975. The mausoleum was inspired byLenin's Mausoleum in Moscow of Russia but incorporates distinct Vietnamese architectural elements, such as the sloping roof. The exterior is made of gray granite, while the interior is gray, black, and red polished stone. The mausoleum's portico has the words "Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh" (Chairman Ho Chi Minh) inscribed across it.
The structure is 21.6 meters (70.9 feet) high and 41.2 meters (135.2 feet) wide. Flanking the mausoleum are two platforms with seven steps for parade viewing. The plaza in front of the mausoleum is divided into 240 green squares separated by pathways. The gardens surrounding the mausoleum have nearly 250 different species of plants and flowers, all from different regions of Vietnam.
The embalmed body of Ho Chi Minh is preserved in the cooled, central hall of the mausoleum, which is protected by a military honor guard. The body lies in a glass case with dim lights. The mausoleum is closed occasionally while work is done to restore and preserve the body but is normally open daily from 09:00 to 12:00 to the public. Lines of visitors, including visiting foreign dignitaries, pay their respects at the mausoleum every day.
Rules regarding dress and behavior are strictly enforced by staff and guards. Legs must be covered (no shorts or miniskirts). Visitors must be silent, and walk in two lines. Hands must not be in pockets, nor arms crossed. Smoking, drinking, eating, photography, and videotaping are also not permitted anywhere inside the mausoleum.
Ho Chi Minh mausoleumv opens on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday.
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum closes on: Monday and Friday.

Hoan Kiem Lake
Hoan Kiem Lake was known as the heart of Hanoi capital. The name literally means '"The Lake of the Restored Sword'".The name refers to the 15th-century legend in which the nobleman Le Loi, who fought for the Vietnamese against Ming China, received a sword from a magic turtle living in the oilake. The nobleman defeated the Ming and returned home in victory. One day, the Le Loi King was boating in the lake when the turtle appeared asking for the sword to restore it to its heavenly owner. In memory of this event, the King built the Tortoise Tower on an island at the south end of the lake. Enormous turtles still live in the lake today. When they are spotted, it is supposed to foreshadow the death of one of the country's leaders.

Hoan Kiem Lake in Hanoi is one of the most enchanting spots in the city. The early morning misty air is energetic for people who throng the footpath that circles the lake for morning exercise, badminton and tai chi etc.

Hanoi Water Puppet
Hanoi Puppetry is a traditional art form closely connected with the long-standing spiritual life of the Vietnamese people. There are many kinds of puppet-shows in all the corner of the country. Puppets of different kinds can be found all over the country. However, puppetry art has been developed and diversified as well as popularized mostly in northern midland areas and the plains in Vietnam. The word "roi" (puppetry) has become part of the proper name applied to villages, to pagodas and even to ponds found in many places. (Puppetry villages at Y Yen, Nam Dinh Province; puppetry pagodas at Phu Xuyen, Ha Tay province...)
 Since early times, "robe-climbing and puppetry" have been forms of entertainment and have attracted lots of people. Public love, here and there, was expressed through Vietnamese folk songs, idioms, and literature...
In old days, puppetry was closely linked to the tradition and customs of Vietnam. Dong An village festival (Hung Yen province) reperformed the myth of "Dung, Da" by two big puppets. (These two big puppets were made of bamboo, had paper faces and colorful clothes). The villagers carried them around the village and showed their great happiness. This kind of puppets was found in Ba Chua Muoi Temple Festival (Queen of Salt Festival). Its face was made of bamboo, its body was made of poles and its march-clothes were made of sails. All parts of Ly Than Tong Statue (Ha Tay province) and Linh Lang Statue (Ha Cau Temple, Hai Phong Province) were carved separately and were put together with joints so that they could move like string-puppets. There were many puppets standing over night in the fields in order to threaten mice and birds harmful to crops. On Mid-July, Vietnamese people often burn joss stick and paper items for lost souls. On Mid-Autumn Festival (Ram), adults buy toy-puppets for
children. Dragon dances, Lion dances, the dance of Four Magical Animals, Land God dances are attractive amusement of festivals in ethnic minorities. There have been many bird-disguised dances connected with "Animal religion" such as peacock dances (Black Thai ethnic minorities),Phoenix dances, Gru bird dances (Ede ethnic minorities), and Dove dances (Cao Lan ethnic minorities). " Puppet-statues" found in worshipping of La Chi and Lo Lo people. Bana ethnic minorities have many puppetry shows in funeral festivals in order to satisfy not only themselves but also the lost souls. In "puppetry family", there has been "mask dances" at Xuan Pha (Thanh Hoa province). Khmer people (from South Vietnam) have their own mask stage called Robam Tuong.
At present, Bi Pagoda (Nam Dinh Province) and Keo Pagoda (Ha Tay province) still preserve puppetry theatres, which were built on the surface of the ponds in front of Communal Houses centuries ago, have survived until the present day in several places such as Thay Pagoda (Ha Tay province) or Giong Temple (Hanoi).
Source from: Water puppet theatre

Ngoc Son Temple
There is a temple on small island in the middle of Hoan Kiem Lake. It was named Ngoc Son Temple. Previously there had been a temple dedicated to Guan Wu (a Chinese general in the Han Dynasty) built by Tín Trai from Nhi Khe Village, Ha Tay Province. Later it was repaired and widened to become the Ngọc Sơn Temple. In 1841, Tín Trai presented the pagoda to the Association of Good Deeds which worshipped Van Xuong De Quan, the saint of Taoist literature, because it did not have a temple of its own. The association removed the bell-tower and built a temple called Ngoc Son, honoring Van Xuong and his two subordinates, Khoi Tinh and Văn Giáp as well as Lã Động Tân, the patron saint of medicine (one of eight Taoist saints) and Guan Wu.
Huong Dao Vuong (1226-1300), a Vietnamese general, scholar and master of the martial arts was sanctified as Đức Thánh Trần (Saint Trần, Hưng Đạo Vương Trần Quốc Tuấn). He was an outstanding military leader in the Trần Dynasty and led the army to victory over the Yuan-Mongol invaders three times in 1258, 1285, and 1288.

From 1859–1862, first provincial judge Nguyễn Như Cát and then Phương Đình Nguyễn Văn Siêu played an important part in collecting funds to rebuild Ngọc Sơn Temple as a continuous structure similar to what stands today. Passing through the gate, there is a five-storey stone tower on the left with a top shaped like a pen nib pointing toward the sky. There are three characters, Tả thanh thiên (Writing on the Blue Sky), on the side of the tower. Across from the Pen Tower is the Ink Slab support and an arched gate with a slab of stone carved in the shape of a peach half above it. Across from this slab is Thê Húc (Light of Dawn) Bridge with Đắc Nguyệt Lầu (Moon Viewing Tower) at the end along with the Trấn Ba (Preventing Waves from Crashing) Pavilion.
Ngọc Sơn Temple has three main sections: the external one is the bái đường (kowtowing place), the central section is for worshipping Văn Xương and the end section is dedicated to Trần Hưng Đạo.
Ngọc Sơn Temple is also a small museum preserving many precious relics from different historical eras including the stele writing entitled Ngọc Đế Son, (complied by Dr. Vũ Tông Phan in 1843), and 1,156 valuable carved wooden blocks for printing books on literature, medicine, and linguistics. On the walls and pillars there are parallel sentences and large letters and fantastic poems by many famous Confucian scholars who came here as sightseers. Particularly, there is a specimen of a rare Hồ Gươm turtle 2.1 meters in length, 1.2 meters wide and weighing 250 kilograms that was found in 1967. The temple is made more sacred and beautiful by being placed on Sword Lake and relating to the legend of Lê Lợi returning the sword to the magical tortoise after gaining independence for the nation in 15th century.
Although it is located at the centre of a developing city, this site still maintains a sense of the poetic atmosphere of ancient Thăng Long. Thê Húc Bridge and Ngọc Sơn Temple have symbolized Thăng Long–Hà Nội for years.
 Source from: Government web

Vietnam Ethnology Museum
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is both a research centre and a public museum exhibiting the ethnic groups of Vietnam. The mission of the Museum is scientific research, collection, documentation, conservation, exhibition and preserving the cultural and historic patrimony of the nation’s different ethnic groups. The museum also serves to guide research, conservation, and technology that are specific to the work of an ethnographic museum. 

In its planning for the future, the Museum intends to present the cultures and civilisations of other countries of South-East Asia as well as in the region.

Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country, which is composed of 54 ethnic groups. Perceiving the importance of having an ethnographic museum to preserve and present the cultural heritages of ethnic groups, the Government decided to establish a museum of ethnology in Hanoi. The Proposal for the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology was officially approved on December 14, 1987. Land was allocated for construction: in 1987, 2,500m2 and in 1988, 9,500m2. Then, in 1990, the Prime Minister decided to allocate the entire 3,27 acres of land to the Museum.

During construction (1987 to 1995), the Project Managing Board and the Museum Department were a part of the Institute of Ethnology. On October 24, 1995, the Prime Minister made the decision on establishment of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology, under National Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities. On November 12, 1997, the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology inaugurated its permanent exhibition and officially opened to the public.
The Museum is located in a large open area on Nguyen Van Huyen Street, Cau Giay District, about 8 km from the city centre. This area used to be paddy field of the local people. During the construction of the Museum, all of the infrastructure was built, including the 700m road from Hoang Quoc Viet Street to the entrance of the Museum. (In the near future, this road will reach the Daewoo Hotel, which is situated between Cau Giay and Lieu Giai Streets)

The Vietnamese Government first invested in the Museum in 1986 and construction of the foundation began in late 1989. According to the proposal, the total budget for construction was 27 billion of Vietnamese dong (US$ 1.9 million), not including 4 billion dong (US$ 285,000) for collecting and exhibiting the artefacts.
The exhibition building of the Museum was designed by the architect Ha Duc Linh, a Tay minority, who works for the Living Houses and Public Works Building Company, Ministry of Construction. The interior architecture was done by Mrs. Veronique Dollfus, a French architect.

The Museum is divided into two parts: an indoor and an outdoor exhibition. The indoor part is composed of the exhibition building, office, research centre, library, storage, technical lab and auditorium. These offices cover 2,480m2, including 750 m2 for storage of artefacts. The outdoor exhibition, which will be accomplished in the first years of the 21st century, is to highlight different types of houses in all parts of Vietnam. Pathways link the indoor and outdoor exhibitions with each other.

Since its inauguration on the occasion of the 7th Summit of Francophony in Hanoi, give date the Museum receives about 60,000 visitors annually.

 What is new at the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology?
The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology is a valuable centre for the exhibition and the preservation of cultural heritages of the 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam. To date, the Museum has collected 15,000 artefacts, 2,190 slides, 42,000 photographs, 237 audiotapes, 373 videotapes and 25 CD-ROMs. It is also a centre for ethnographic research employing many experts on the different ethnic groups. People come to the Museum just not to visit or entertain, but also to learn about these ethnic groups, their cultural diversity and the uniqueness of each group and region, as well as traditional values throughout the Vietnamese country. For this reason, national and international visitors, children and students, professionals and non-professionals are attracted to the Museum.

The artefacts of the Museum are not only priceless antiquities, but many are everyday objects, such as knives, baskets, garments, flutes, pipes and mats. These objects reflect tangible and intangible cultural heritages of the communities, representing lives and creative activities of the people. Thus, artefacts of the Museum are so varied that they are organised into different collections. The Museum has 54 collections of each individual ethnic group. Functionally classified, there are collections of clothing, jewellery, of agricultural tools, fishing instruments, weapons, household utensils and musical instruments. In addition, there are collections of artefacts related to the various religions, beliefs, wedding ceremonies, funeral ceremonies and other social and spiritual activities. Based on the specific collections, the Museum organises exhibitions and publishes books and catalogues in different formats in order to meet the needs of various audiences of different backgrounds. 

The two-floor building, which is inspired by the Vietnamese famous and ancient bronze drum, holds the permanent collection. A granite bridge leads from the main gate to the entrance of the exhibition, creating a feeling of going up to a house-on-stilts which is very popular in many areas of Vietnam. On entering the Museum, the granite floor is decorated with dark tiles arranged in the shape of an S. This decoration symbolises the shape of the Vietnamese coastline, the earth is in dark colour and the ocean is light grey. 

The Vietnam Museum of Ethnology has been designed to reflect the country's technical and scientific progress as well as the Museum’s objectives. First of all, the Museum was created for everybody. This is reflected in both the architecture and the display techniques. The Museum has ramps for physically challenged people and an electric elevator allowing access to the second floor. All steps have handrails that are very comfortable for older people. Learning from the experiences of many museums in the world, the museum texts are not in capital letters but small letters so that it is easy for people of different ages to read them. Panels are presented at reasonable heights, for both adults and children. In addition to objects, there are photographs, texts, videos and many reference materials, all of which can be brought into full play to inform visitors with different levels of education and different needs. 

The objects are displayed as centrepieces because they reflect the everyday lives of the people. The Museum’s consistent point of view is that the display should be simple, so that visitors can admire the beauty and finesse of each ordinary and simple item. Although there are no illustrative paintings in the Museum, photographs and videos are used to illustrate people’s lives. 

A restricted number of 700 objects and 280 photographs are displayed in the Museum’s permanent exhibits, which helps visitors avoid being distracted by an over-representation of artefacts.
The different collections are displayed according to language groups and territories. Most of the objects presented in the 97 showcases are original. The showcases have either one-sided windows or four-sided windows, depending on the artefacts presented. For example, some cases present many artefacts; others have only one significant object. Among the showcases in the display, 50 cases are accompanied by texts. Each object has a label denoting its name, the ethnic group and the place where it was created. There are also mannequins, maps, graphs, hardcover books, photographs, videotapes, cassette tapes, models, and 33 section panels. Though the Museum is not large, dioramas highlight certain customs or cultural features of ethnic groups. 
Adding to the many layers of information available to visitors, the museum provides hundreds of panels composed of explanations, illustrative photographs and maps. Unfortunately, because of limited space, the texts are condensed. Not only do the texts and the object labels serve a national audience, they are also translated into English and French in order to facilitate international visitors. Thus, visitors experiencing the museum, even without a tour guide, are able to understand the main messages of the displays.

New technical solutions have been used throughout the Museum, such as focused lights. The light radiates inside and outside the glass windows focusing on the most significant aspect of each object in order to set off its beauty and draw visitors’ attention. In addition, a ventilation system has been installed within each display area to protect the objects from mould and decay. 

The outdoor exhibition area is only large enough for the most popular architectural styles to be represented. Already presented are the Ede long house, the Tay stilt house, the Yao house half on stilts, half on earth, the Hmong house whose roof is made of pomu wood, the Viet house with tile roof and the Giarai tomb. There are future plans to present the Bahnar communal house, the Cham traditional house and the Hanhi house made with beaten walls. Between the houses, there are trees indigenous to the area of each house, zigzagging paths and a meandering stream crossed by small bridges. The outdoor museum is being realised step by step.
Source from: Ethnology Museum

Temple of literature (Van Mieu)
Built in the latter part of the ninth century, Van Mieu is one of the oldest universities in the world. Its original purpose was the worship of the sages and saints of Confucianism, but six years later, a National College was established on the site. Initially, it admitted only princes, but soon expanded to admit bright students nationwide.
The Temple of Literature is surrounded by brick walls. Inside, the complex is separated into five areas. The first area contains the main gate with the inscription "Van Mieu Mon" (Disciple of Temple of Literature) and two stone dragons in the style of the Le So Dynasty.
The main path leads through another gate to the second area where there are two small gates on both sides. The main path leads to Khue Van Cac (Pavilion of Literature). There are also two small gates on both sides of Khue Van Cac.

The third section divides Khue Van from the Dai Thanh Mon (the Gate of Great Synthesis), and contains a square lake, Thien Quang Tinh (the Well of Heaven’s Clarity), surrounded by walls. On both sides of the well are pavilions full of stele inscribed with the names of scholars.
The Confucian education system
After years of study, students were allowed to take the first-degree examinations held once every three years. Those with the highest marks in this exam were named bachelors. A year later, they would travel to the capital to take part in a further set of examinations. Those with the highest marks became were awarded a doctorate. As a Ph.D., a scholar was then eligible to join the ranks of the mandarins.
There are 82 steles, the oldest relating to the 1442 palace exam and the most recent, the 1779 exams. They are the most valuable relics in the temple of literature
The heart of Confucianism
Beyond the next gate is the fourth area. It contains a large courtyard flanked by two pavilions originally used to house the altars where scholars could worship the 72 disciples of Confucius. At the rear is Dai Bai, the Great House of Ceremonies, containing a bell cast in 1768 and other precious objects.
The University
The fifth section, at the rear of the Dai Bai area, is the imperial College of the Le Dynasty, the then university. When the Nguyen Dynasty moved the college to Hue, this area was converted into a temple dedicated to Confucius' parents.
The old University building was destroyed during the war, but was accurately reconstructed in 2000 using authentic materials and techniques to launch the countdown to Hanoi’s millennium in 2010.
Van Mieu then and now
In the past, Van Mieu was held in great reverence not only as a major centre of Confucian thought and study, but also for its status as the apogee of learning in Vietnam and the only route to becoming a mandarin. Regardless of rank, those on horseback were obliged to dismount and walk their steeds when passing the in front of the complex.
Today, the quiet queues of worshippers and acolytes have given way to tourist coaches that disgorge noisy tourists in their hundreds several times a day. Nevertheless, we recommend a visit, but arrange it to coincide with off-peak periods so that our visitors can experience the remarkable qualities of a place steeped the echoes of thousands of long dead scholars steeped in the pursuit of enlightenment.
In Vietnam, there is another Van Mieu in Hue, but it is least famous than Van Mieu in Hanoi.
One Pillar Pagoda
The One Pillar Pagoda was originally built by the Emperor Ly Thai Tong who ruled from 1028 to 1054. According to the annals, the heirless emperor dreamed that he met Quan The Am Bo Tat, the Goddess of Mercy, who handed him a male child. Ly Thai Tong then married a young peasant girl and had a son and heir by her. As a way of expressing his gratitude for this event, he constructed a pagoda here in 1049.

Built of wood on a single stone pillar, the pagoda is designed to resemble a lotus blossom, the symbol of purity, rising out of a sea of sorrow. One of the last acts of the French before quitting Hanoi in 1954 was to destroy the original One Pillar Pagoda; the structure was rebuilt by the new government until now.

Hoa Lo Prision
This thought-provoking site is all that remains of the former Hoa Lo Prison, ironically nicknamed the ‘Hanoi Hilton’ by US POWs during the American War. Most exhibits relate to the prison’s use up to the mid-1950s, focusing on the Vietnamese struggle for independence from France. A gruesome relic is the ominous French guillotine, used to behead Vietnamese revolutionaries. There are also displays focusing on the American pilots who were incarcerated at Hoa Lo during the American War.

These include Pete Peterson (the first US ambassador to a unified Vietnam in 1995), and Senator John McCain (the Republican nominee for the US presidency in 2008). McCain’s flight suit is displayed, along with a photograph of Hanoi locals rescuing him from Truc Bach Lake after being shot down in 1967.
The vast prison complex was built by the French in 1896. Originally intended to house around 450 inmates, records indicate that by the 1930s there were close to 2000 prisoners. Hoa Lo was never a very successful prison, and hundreds escaped its walls over the years – many squeezing out through sewer grates.

Vietnamese Women’s Museum
Vietnamese Women’s Museum (VWM) is located in Ly Thuong Kiet Street, downtown Hanoi, just 500m from the central Hoan Kiem (Restored Sword) Lake and the old quarter. This is the most ancient street in the capital city, with many French-style buildings, foreign embassies, big hotels and government offices.
Vietnamese Women’s Museum was established in 1987 and run by Vietnam Women’s Union. It is a gender museum with functions of research, preservation, and display of tangible and intangible historical and cultural heritages of Vietnamese women and Vietnam Women’s Union. It is also a centre for cultural exchange between Vietnamese and international women for the goal of equality, development and peace.
Since its open to public in 1995, VWM has successfully held many exhibitions, serving hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese and international visitors a year. It has a collection of more than 25,000 objects and materials related to Vietnamese women.
In late 2010, VWM reopened to public its permanent exhibit after four years of upgrading and refurbishing with three themes:
      - Women In Family
      - Women In History
      - Women’s Fashion

The newly renovated Vietnamese Women’s Museum is introducing better displays with contemporary curation and story-telling and updated facilities, making it very unique and impressive. At the same time, VWM has moved from a cultural and historical museum to a gender museum with its rich identity, providing much information on cultural traditions and issues of social and contemporary life. It is tributes to the role Vietnam’s women has played in history and continue to play in contemporary life.
Coming to the recently refurbished Vietnamese Women’s Museum, visitors will experience new feelings. After seeing more than 1000 materials, objects, and photos displayed in the exhibit, visitors can retell in detail stories about Vietnamese women through rituals and customs in marriage, childbirth and family life; encounter historical and contemporary figures; recollect memories of the wartime; or simply share your joy and enjoyment of the products full of national cultural identity created by Vietnamese women with their creation and dexterity...
In addition to regular exhibits, VWM also organizes many special, thematic exhibitions with a new approach of social anthropology, reflecting the development and changes of contemporary society through projects targeting many different groups, particularly vulnerable women and disadvantaged children.
Desiring to bring the museum closer to the public, VWM continues to diversity its educational activities and public programs and increase its communication activities to reach wider public. With incessant efforts in improving its content, quality and images, it is hoped that Vietnamese and international visitors to VWM will have special experiences. In 2012, Vietnamese Women’s Museum was honoured to be ranked “One of the best attractions in Hanoi in 2012” by TripAdvisor - one of the most prestigious world tourist websites. In 2013, TripAdvisor continued to include Vietnamese Women’s Museum in the top 25 most interesting museums in Asia. “Worth a visit - touching stories” is the message TripAdvisor wants to send to readers when it describes Vietnamese Women’s Museum.
In response to the sentiments and love by visitors, VMW is always making further improvements to become an international-level museum, a tourist destination worth visiting by domestic and international tourists.
Source: Vietnamese Women’s Museum

National Museum of Vietnamese History
Background introduction
In the system of national museums, the National Museum of Vietnam History was early founded on the material basis of the Louis Finot, a museum of the Ecole Française d’Extreme-Orient which was built in 1926 and completed in 1932. In 1958, the Vietnam Government officially took over this cultural building and started to research, collect and supplement materials and objects, converting the contents from eastern arts into national history. On 3 September 1958, the National Museum of Vietnam History was officially opened for visitors.
The main exhibition system is the vivid historical book of Vietnamese nation from the prehistory (about 300,000-400,000 years) to the August 1945 Revolution. With an exhibition area of over 2,200 square meters and nearly 7,000 original artifacts, the main exhibition system is arranged chronologically. The main language of expression is the abundant collection of objects, combining the presentation of historical stages and events and the open exhibition, so it’s easy to update new artifacts, attracting visitors. Besides, the Museum regularly organizes topical exhibitions and equips a system of modern screens and displays to provide vivid images and exact scientific data to meet the increasing demands of visitors and researchers.
- The basic storehouses now keep more than 100,000 specimens and artifacts of different materials, including many rare and valuable items, especially the collections of objects dating back the ancients cultures (Hoa Binh-Bac Son, Dong Son), Vietnamese ancient glazed ceramics, Champa stone sculptures, bronze items under the Le-Nguyen Dynasties. Over the past years, the basic warehouses have been supplemented with many new collections from Central Vietnam, Central Highlands, South Vietnam and the old shipwreck near Cu Lao Cham Island. The basic warehouses are scientifically arranged and updated to be the best sample for other museums throughout Vietnam.

- The external affairs are always promoted to strengthen the exchange and cooperation with other museums and cultural organizations in the world. The Museum has frequently exchangedprofessional publications with over 100 counterparts and actively participated in international scientific seminars, such as "Socio-cultural development in the context of economic growth in Asia, 1994", "Preservation of archaeological artifacts, 1996", "The role of museums in the 21st century, 1997". The Museum has adopted and implemented many projects: printing the pamphlets on exhibition system (with the Swedish International Development Aids); teaching and researching in universities (with the AUPELF-UREF), funding audio-visual equipment for advocacy and educational activities (through the Japanese cultural aid funds). The Museum has also dispatched its delegates to visit some museums in China, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Brunei Darussalam, etc.
- During its formation and development, the National Museum of Vietnam History has become a big cultural and scientific center of the country. Dozens of millions of people throughout the country and hundreds of thousands of international visitors from all continents have arrived the Museum and expressed their good sentiments and impressions on the historical of the Vietnamese nation in many visitors’ books.
For nearly 50 years, the significant achievements in scientific research and propagation as well as external activities, the National Museum of Vietnam History has established its prestige and status in contributing to the development and integration among domestic and international museums. Thus, the Museum has been awarded many noble medals by the State:
- Third-grade Labor Medal
- First-grade Labor Medal
- Third-grade Independence Medal
- The Government’s Challenge Banner.
Source: National Museum of Vietnamese History
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